【译】塞尔吉奥·莱昂内轶事

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在成功塑造伊斯特伍德(Eastwood)在“镖客三部曲”的角色之前,莱昂内(Leone)最迫切渴望和哪位演员合作?

一直以来,莱昂内(Leone)梦寐以求的合作对象是亨利·方达(Henry Fonda)。甚至在《荒野大镖客》(A Fistful of Dollars)开拍前,莱昂内(Leone)已经认定亨利·方达(Henry Fonda)就最完美的“镖客”。

在确定由伊斯特伍德(Eastwood)出演镖客一角前,莱昂内(Leone)还尝试接触了哪些演员?为什么他们会拒绝这个角色呢?

之前我们提过,莱昂内(Leone)一直以来都认为最适合镖客的扮演者是亨利·方达(Fonda),可在当年,方达对于一般意大利制作来说价格太昂贵,詹姆斯·柯本(C James Coburn)也是同理。于是他们他想到了查尔斯·布朗森(Charles Bronson)。莱昂内(Leone)对他坚韧刚硬的表情印象深刻。可当布朗森(Bronson)看完剧本之后,不但拒绝了这一邀请,而且声称“这是我读过最烂的剧本”。过后,布朗森(Bronson)也曾表示自己和莱昂内(Leone)的审美观念的确是天差地别。于是剧本被送到了数位居住在德国或者意大利的美国演员手中,其中曾参与拍摄意大利西部电影的理查德·哈里森(Richard Harrison)看完剧本后,向莱奥内推荐了哥伦比亚广播公司(CBS)连续剧《皮鞭》(Rawhide)中的主演之一-——34岁的伊斯特伍德(Eastwood)。

在影片开拍前和拍摄中,莱昂内(Leone)对伊斯特伍德(Eastwood)的评价如何?

经由理查德·哈里森(Richard Harrison)推荐,莱昂内(Leone)看了一集《皮鞭》,当时他的感觉是“克林特·伊斯特伍德(Clint Eastwood)在片子里话不多,可是很擅长骑马,在他的步伐中,你总能感受到一种疲倦、隐忍的气息…”可对莱昂内(Leone)来说,这样的伊斯特伍德(Eastwood)太优雅,太文弱了。“我想让他看起来更强壮,更爷们儿,同时也想让他看起来更饱经沧桑,于是让他留起了胡子,抽起雪茄,斗篷也是为了能让他的肩膀看起来更宽。可当我接触伊斯特伍德(Eastwood)洽谈这个角色时,发现了一个比较严峻的问题:他不会抽烟!如果让一个不会抽烟的人扮演一个雪茄不离口的角色的确有点难度。记得在准备拍第二部“镖客”的时候,伊斯特伍德(Eastwood)亲自跑来找我 “塞尔吉奥(Sergio),你让做啥都行,可是就别再让我抽烟了吧!” 当然他也知道那是不可能的,毕竟主角要是同一个人,必须一致。

“在现实生活中,克林特(Clint)行动十分缓慢而且非常平和,有点像猫。”在拍摄的时候他非常配合,可一到休息空挡,他立刻跑到角落开始打盹,直到我们需要他拍下一个镜头。

当时拍摄《荒野大镖客》的预算大概是多少?伊斯特伍德(Eastwood)的薪水又是多少?

影片整体的预算是20万美元,而伊斯特伍德(Eastwood)拿了一万五。

莱昂内(Leone)是如何发掘李·范·克里夫(Lee Van Cleef)的呢?

在拍摄《黄昏双镖客》前,莱昂内(Leone)就在物色“莫蒂默上校”(Colonel Mortimer)这一角的演员。这个角色大概需要一个50岁左右的男人,理所当然,莱昂内(Leone)又想到了自己一直以来向往合作的亨利·方达(Henry Fonda)。可惜的是当时方达正在拍摄另一部电影。于是想到了李·范·克里夫(Lee Van Cleef),而他当时刚签约出演《狼城脂粉俠》(Cat Ballou)一片。莱昂内(Leone)说:“我记起曾经在50年代西部片里经常见到的李·范·克里夫(Lee Van Cleef),可当时他连续病了三年,身体状况非常不好,当我真正和他联系上的时候,他刚出院不久,并且放弃演艺工作,只是一直在当自由画家。可和他见面之后,他的影子一直在我脑海中挥之不去,他有种特殊的魅力让人无法忘怀,他就是我要的那个人。”

当莱昂内(Leone)拍摄《西部往事》(Once Upon a Time)的时候,他是打算让之前影片三个角色中的哪一个角色出现在新片的开端?为什么?

《西部往事》(Once Upon a Time)其实包含了莱昂内(Leone)对于“镖客三部曲”的离别之情。他本打算让《黄金三镖客》中三个主演克林特·伊斯特伍德(Clint Eastwood)、李·范·克里夫(Lee Van Cleef)以及埃里·瓦拉赫(Eli Wallach)在等去Cattle Corner的火车时,被新主角“口琴男”(Harmonica)毙命。虽然三大元老中的其他两位答应了,可伊斯特伍德无法接受这样的安排。于是莱昂内(Leone)只能退而求其次,牺牲客串的杰克·伊莱姆(Jack Elam)和伍迪·斯特罗德(Woody Strode)了。

为什么莱昂内(Leone)会想要拍摄《黄金三镖客》(The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly)呢?

莱昂内(Leone)自己解释说:“对于最初《黄金三镖客》(The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly)的构想,和之前两部片子差不多,不过这次是3个主角的一次寻宝之旅。而此片特别之处在于,一方面我要去除“善”“恶”“丑”这几个形容词的神秘感,可另一方面我要能体现出战争的荒谬性。而你要说“善”,“恶”,“丑”究竟指的是什么,其实我们每个人内心深处都藏着一丝丝阴暗面,一点点丑陋的想法,也都有善良的那一面。有的人外表看起来或许不怎么样,可是当我们更多地了解他们,就会发现他们其实或许是值得尊敬的。而片中主角所经历的内战对我来说才是彻底多余,愚蠢至极的。我们并没有从内战中受益分毫,那里面没有一丝“善”的存在。我在片中展示了北边的集中营,而在拍摄过程中,我脑海中一部分想的是纳粹的集中营以及犹太管弦乐团。而虽然有这些沉重的元素,可并不意味着这部影片无法带给观众欢笑的。即使苦难重重,可在这过程中,却一直贯穿着一种冒险精神……这是冒险片和喜剧片所共有的他们都没有让人一眼便知好坏的主人公。

莱昂内(Leone)是如何看待美国人观念中的“西部”的?

“美国人经常把西部的概念过分浪漫化—-比如主人一吹口哨,马就自己跑过去。他们从来没有严肃看待西部问题,也许就如同我们意大利人从来没有严肃面对古罗马问题一般。可能也只有斯坦利·库布里克(Kubrick)在《斯巴达克斯》(Spartacus)一片中有正视并严肃地探讨古罗马的问题。其他的导演也大多都是当古老神话对待。而正是这种肤浅的态度深深困扰着我,也一直吸引着我。

莱昂内(Leone)认为他和约翰·福特(John Ford)最本质的却别在于?

作为罗马后代,我们背负着帝国衰败留下的伤痕,有着强烈的挫败感,变得十分脆弱。仅仅看着周围的同伴就能深深地感受到这种情绪。我非常羡慕约翰·福特(John Ford)的积极乐观。他的天真让他能够拍摄出像“灰姑娘”一般的影片,我指的是《沉默的人》(The Quiet Man)那样的片子。而作为意大利人,我们看待世界的方式不同。我所尽力想要让我影片表现出广袤无垠的平原之美,可当狂风沙暴来袭,难道人们要像鸵鸟一样把头埋到沙子中去?我相信人们时不时还是希望被当成成熟的个体对待,即使一个男人带着墨西哥阔边帽,骑着马,并不代表他只能是个愚蠢的笑话。

而福特(Ford)由于他爱尔兰的欧洲血缘,他的影片向来都是从宗教的角度切入的。他片中的角色和主人公大多向往着梦幻、丰实的未来。然而在我眼中,纵观西部的历史除了暴力,还是暴力。

他人眼中的莱昂内(Sergio Leone)是什么样的呢?

亨利·方达(Henry Fonda)眼中的塞尔吉奥·莱昂内(Sergio Leone),是个对于所有道具和布景的细节有着巨大的热情和执念的人。查尔斯·布朗森(Charles Bronson)曾惊奇地发现,事实上莱昂内(Leone)比大部分美国导演更加深入了解美国西部。而克林特·伊斯特伍德(Clint Eastwood)则对于莱昂内(Leone)有着更深刻的认识,他“活在”自己执导的影片中:“从外形看,莱昂内(Leone)是矮矮胖胖的家伙,可当他在教戏的时候,你不仅能看出他的真实想法,而且会发现在当下,他绝对认为自己是又高又瘦的帅气主角。”

在《黄昏双镖客》(A Few Dollars More)一开片,那个只听见点雪茄、扣扳机、吹口哨的声音,没见真身的赏金猎手是谁呢?

那是莱昂内(Leone)自己演的,也是他吹的口哨。

除了自己导演的影片外,莱昂内(Leone)还参与了那些电影拍摄?

他曾与托尼诺·瓦莱里(Tonino Valerii)合作拍摄了1973年的《无名客》(My Name is Nobody)以及参与达米亚诺·达米亚尼(Damiano Damiani )1975年 《一个天才、两个朋友和一个傻子》(A Genius …)的拍摄。而期间也曾主动放弃过两个非常大型的拍摄计划,其一是试图改编塞利纳(Céline)小说《茫茫黑夜漫游》(Journey to the End of Night),另一个是《墨索里尼的末日》(Last Days of Mussolini)。莱昂内(Leone)曾有机会参与《教父》(The Godfather)的拍摄,而他由于要拍摄《美国往事》(Once Upon a Time in America)而谢绝了这次邀约。有传闻说事后他感到非常后悔。


|出处: http://www.fistful-of-leone.com/articles/didyouknow.html
|译者:Feather | 校对:Judy_筱 (Cinephilia翻译小组 @迷影翻译)
|编辑:张宇婷

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