《精英部队2》:国民级电影的诞生


查过资料吓了一跳,《精英部队2》刚在去年创下纪录:巴西电影有史以来的最高票房,而且不留死角,总票房和观影人次双双打破。回想四年前,《精英部队》拿下柏林电影节金熊奖,片子确实也挺好,但内心未免小觑。毕竟也只有在柏林,一个喜欢政治、喜欢主题先行的电影节,这类警匪类型片才会拿下最高奖。再往前一点,杜琪峰的《黑社会》系列虽然集个人风格之大成,值得深读,在戛纳却还不是颗粒无收。
  
  那即便《精英部队》取了不小成功,到了续集怎会有如此大的飞跃?手持摄影打打杀杀,这些锋芒毕露的东西当然没有过时。但这一次,无情暴力不再是主要卖点。看下《杀人回忆》在韩国的成功,只要是与国民记忆休戚相关的警匪或者是犯罪题材,它就很容易获得成功。前提是这样的电影不能流于形式,更不能为政府说好话。眼光敏锐的导演总会发现多数观众在意什么,它可以是一个犯罪片的壳,可里面一定是批判现实的核。
  
  《精英部队2》就是这么干的,电影小标题“现在敌人是另一个”,意思很明白。打倒了体制外的毒贩外,现在轮到体制内的毒瘤了。万恶之源是体制,道理好像很浅显,可是经过了几十年警队生涯,一直到亲人危在旦夕,纳西门托(Nascimento)方才意识到这股力量有多可怕,穷凶极恶、无法无天。他拿着武器,一直认为自己是公正之手,却不想与此同时,也有一双黑手伸向了贫民窟里。对巴西观众来说,《精英部队2》完全震撼了他们的世界观。最恐怖的东西不是发生在电影里,而是在现实周围。所以,好的电影不应是什么歌功颂德、美满团圆。电影结尾说,问题没解决。
  
  跟前作一样,影片还是在旁白声中行进,纳西门托用讲故事的口吻带出了BOFE(特别警察作战营)的发展,引出了另一批敌人。第一集里马蒂亚斯(Matias)完成了蜕变,纳西门托却想着逃离。现在他换过位置,却还是与老朋友们并肩作战。面对BOPE的强大杀伤力,毒贩们不再是对手。续集还有以暴制暴的内容,但是归为支线,甚至不如纳西门托与儿子的情感线重要。因此,手提镜头摇晃的逼真感,包括快速剪辑已经少了很多。反过来,夸张的表情肢体和激烈的台词对白成了几个配角的表演模式,他们喷得唾沫横飞、笑料十足。《精英部队2》的大反派已经是文绉绉的政客,再不然是冷酷的腐败警察,但这帮人阴毒起来,可比明着来的毒贩子狠多了。他们的结局也是理所当然,规矩办事。
  
  从对抗到合作,纳西门托和弗加多开展了体制内的战斗。电影尝试沿用双雄模式,把他俩放在一个处处交锋的境地,然而稍有遗憾的是性格反差做得不足。再比如纳西门托从头到尾都是正气凛然,全然个人英雄主义。好在这些瑕疵并不影响全片,这部电影表露了对腐败的痛恨,毫不留情地对制度进行指责。它的勇猛程度,就好似“颅中之刃”,用一把尖刀,刺进了巴西的大脑(体制)。

木卫二

专栏作家,影评人。《南方都市报》、《城市画报》等媒体供稿。华语电影传媒大奖评委,华语青年影像论坛选片人。参与编著《华语电影》系列丛书。

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