《越狱》:政治惊悚版盗墓笔记


大银幕上有《肖申科的救赎》,小荧屏上有米帅的《越狱》,有了这两部珠玉在前,再拍越狱题材的影视剧,恐怕很难赢得当下观众们的青睐。不过阿根廷导演格拉希罗执导的这部《越狱》却是例外,本片虽有一个越狱的名头和故事主干,但内里其实是一部政治惊悚片。

对照《影子写手》——如果说,前者是对“上流社会”和表面文质彬彬的政治阴谋进行描绘的话,那《越狱》就将摄影机伸向了底层,通过对一群肮脏、猥琐的越狱犯人的着力刻画,折射出了阿根廷当代史里那不堪回首的一幕。

从悬念营造上来讲,阿根廷的《越狱》要比美国的《越狱》差远了,在影片的前半部,基本没有太多的矛盾阻碍犯人的越狱计划,只是到了最后两天,才有了功败垂成的紧张气氛,不过导演也是虚晃一枪,犯人们最终还是成功的逃出升天。

若仅仅是这么个故事,《越狱》没啥价值,不过当犯人们在发掘地道时无意间挖出了一个藏骨坑时,整个故事的主旨就发生了一百八十度的转弯,从《越狱》变成了《盗墓笔记》:犯人们逃不逃的出去以及用怎样的方式逃出去似乎都不重要了,重要的是,该怎样面对这些尸骨?越狱的犯人们很尊重死者,他们用古老的原住民仪式对这些亡魂做了超度,请求亡魂允许自己通过他们的领地,并承诺逃出去后会把这些尸骨的情况公之于众。于是,一个逃犯找到了记者,开始面对面的讲述这个故事,整部影片就是这样展开叙述的。

重点就在于那些尸骨的来历,按照影片的介绍,那些尸骨是在1970年代阿根廷军事独裁者魏地拉总统统治期间埋葬的,当时,魏地拉总统正在阿根廷全境发起一场“肮脏战争”,用残忍的手段折磨并杀害持不同政见者,究竟死了多少人,到现在还是众说纷纭。而这场发生在阿根廷的“肮脏战争”也是斯时横跨整个南美洲的“秃鹫行动”的一部分。所谓“秃鹫行动”,是由阿根廷、玻利维亚、巴西、智利、巴拉圭和乌拉圭六国军方、警方及特务机构合作进行的,这些国家的独裁政权同邻国间相互交换信息,绑架、拷打和暗杀持不同政见者及来自其他成员国的流亡者。有资料显示,美国政府对“秃鹫行动”心知肚明,基辛格、福特等人甚至直接对之给予了支持——基辛格就是代表尼克松总统访华的那位,还拿过诺贝尔和平奖。

《越狱》是根据真实事件改编的,到了片尾,现实中的越狱犯对着摄影机讲述起了他们的故事。那个监狱就是一个人间地狱,常常有犯人带着淋漓的伤口被看守架回牢房,监狱中也一直流传着犯人被折磨甚至肢解的流言,所以,阴森、恐怖的地下室根本没人愿意去,这无形中也给越狱犯们加了一道护身符。

1998年,魏地拉被软禁;2010年,阿根廷一家法庭判处他终身监禁,当法官宣读判决书时,许多其统治期间受害者的家属开始尽情的鼓掌欢呼,而对这段恐怖的历史,班德拉斯主演的《梦想阿根廷》也曾有所触及。

其实《越狱》这个题材在许多地点都能适用,譬如卡廷森林,譬如金边郊区,譬如卢旺达的小镇。

魏地拉是第一位访华的阿根廷总统。

【腾讯娱乐专稿】

【作者简介】图宾根木匠:影评人,电影学博士,著有《疯狂影评》等书。


|编辑:夏若特和树

图宾根木匠
图宾根木匠

电影学博士,中国电影家协会理论评论委员会理事,中国青年影评人联合会理事,北京电影协会编剧与导演专业委员,制片人,编剧,业余影评人 出版《疯狂影评》影评集

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